Tag Archives: WEBOS

webos三周年了

webos三周年了,哈哈,期待新产品,手里的MOTO Photon 还好,但是不比WEB啊,太牛了,斧头也给力,但是有新的一定回归WEBOS~

Palm webOS是一个嵌入式操作系统,以Linux内核为主体并加上部份Palm公司开发的专有软件。它主要是为Palm 智能手机而开发。该平台于2009年1月8日的拉斯维加斯国际消费电子展宣布给公众,并于2009年6月6日发布。该平台是事实上的PalmOS继任者,webOS将在线社交网络和Web 2.0一体化作为重点。第一款搭载webOS系统的智能手机是Palm Pre,于2009年6月6日发售。由于Palm被HP收购,webOS被收归HP旗下。2011年8月19日凌晨,在惠普第三季度财报会议上,惠普宣布正式放弃围绕TouchPad平板电脑和webOS手机的所有运营。

版本 发布日期
1.0.2 2009年6月6日 Sprint Config 1.4
1.0.3 2009年6月19日 Sprint Config 1.5
1.0.4 2009年6月29日 Sprint Config 1.6
1.1.0 2009年7月23日 Sprint Config 1.7
1.2.0 2009年9月28日 Sprint Config 1.7
1.2.1 2009年10月2日 Sprint Config 1.8
1.3.1 2009年11月13日 Sprint Config 2.0
1.3.5 2009年12月28日 Sprint Config 2.0
1.3.5.1 2009年4月1日 Sprint Config 2.2
1.4.0 2010年2月27日 Sprint Config 2.3
1.4.1.1 2010年3月31日 Sprint Config 2.4
1.4.5 2010年6月14日
2.0 2010年10月22日
2.0.1 2010年11月19日
2.1 2011年1月19日
2.2 2011年
3.0 2011年

PDA的老祖宗 – Palm

PDA的老祖宗 – Palm

作者:Annti Wang   来源:瘾科技

文章分类: 智能手机


(图片来源:WikiPedia)

Palm或许不是第一部PDA,但绝对是最受欢迎的PDA之一,并且引领消费者进入PDA的领域。

先来简单介绍PDA的历史。所谓 “PDA” ,是 “Personal Digital Assistant” 的缩写,中文称为 “个人数字助理” ,世界上第一款PDA于1983年出现,是由Apple所生产的,名为 “Newton” ,又称 “MessagePad” ,Newton当时就已经支持触控操作并且还能手写输入,使用Arm based的CPU,吃4颗3号电池。

可惜Newton当时没有被市场广为接受,主要原因有许多,像是售价太高(当时至少要卖1000美金)、手写识别准确度不佳、执行效能不佳与体积过大(以MessagePad 2000来说,体积118.7 × 210.3 × 27.5mm,重量640g,相较于iPhone 4,体积115.2 × 58.6 × 9.3mm,体积137g,就可以知道有多巨大 )。

Palm的第一部PDA在1996年出现,型号为 “Pilot 1000” ,重点规格如下:

  • CPU:Motorola 68328 Dragonball、16MHz
  • 屏幕:160 × 160分辨率、单色
  • RAM:128K
  • OS:Palm OS 1.0
  • 尺寸:120 × 80 × 18mm
  • 重量:160g
  • 电源:两颗3号

PalmPilot系列体积轻巧且操作简易,很快地就受到市场地欢迎,1997年,Palm再接再励,推出第二代的PalmPilot,名为 “PalmPilot Personal” 与 “PalmPilot Professional” ,加入了背光、滚动条、TCP/IP支持与电邮收发,OS为Palm OS 2.0,而且开始有人开发中文界面,香港为CJKOS(日韩港与简中),台湾则是掌龙中文。

同年,Palm的主要资金来源US Robotics被3Com买下,Plam的主要人员不爽,就出走另外开了叫 “HandSpring” ,因为3Com干涉公司政策的关系,Palm开始授权Plam OS给其他家公司,像是Sony、IBM甚至HandSpring,泛Palm体系的市占持续扩大中。微软此时也看到了PDA的潜力,开始进入这个市场, 以嵌入式系统WindowsCE为base,推出了名为PocketPC 2000来分食 闹场 PDA这块大饼。

在2003年,Palm买下元老另组的HandSpring,然后再把公司切割为两家,一家是专作硬件的 “PalmOne” ,一家则是专作OS与软件授权服务的 “PalmSource” ,只是PocketPC家族已经开始坐大,并逐渐侵蚀Palm的市占。2007年时,PalmSource被日本公司Access买下,Palm则是跟微 软合作推出已经改名为Windows Mobile(原PocketPC)的Treo 700(已经有手机功能)。

2009年,Palm推出名为 “WebOS” 的新版OS与Palm Pre新机,可惜,世界已经不是Palm的了,市场已经为Apple、Google、微软与RIM所占,在2010年,Palm被HP所买下。

虽然不知道HP会把Palm带往什么样的未来,但Palm过去为PDA带来很多影响,像是:

触控 – 操作不必再局限于键盘与鼠标
手写 – 让不谙键盘输入的人,可用自身最熟悉的方式输入文字
续航力 – 一天以上的续航力,不必太受动辄电力不足的牵制
简单 – 马上就开机,马上就能使用与取得所需信息,而且运作反应快
计算机的延伸 – 简单的事情不必透过计算机或笔电就能处理

虽然PDA已经跨入新的世代,已经称作 “智能型手机” (SmartPhone,但非微软原来定义的SamrtPhone),PDA反而成为其中的一部分,无法完全诠释现在的行动装置,但是没有Palm的出现,就没有现在百花齐放的智能型手机市场。

纽约时报-palm对WEBOS的构想超前

<纽约时报NYT>今天发表的文章: “H.P.’s TouchPad Tablet Was Bound to Be a Flop, Some Say.”, 文中称webOS从一开始选择webKit就注定了失败, 因为互联网技术没有那么先进, Palm对webOS的构想是过于超前的空中楼阁. 这一点跟前巨头MOTO很相似,只是运营差了一点,但是就其WEBOS的技术来讲,不会有问题的。

相关链接:In Flop of H.P. TouchPad, an Object Lesson for the Tech Sector

Beck Diefenbach/Reuters

 

 

Jon Rubinstein, left, and Todd Bradley, then Palm executives, holding WebOS devices including the TouchPad.

By BRIAN X. CHEN

Published: January 1, 2012

 

The TouchPad tablet from Hewlett-Packard was one of the most closely watched new gadgets of 2011 — and quickly turned out to be the year’s biggest flop. The TouchPad, which was supposed to be a rival to Apple’s iPad, lasted just seven weeks on the market before H.P. killed it, citing weak sales.

 

Analysts point to a long list of factors behind the tablet’s quick demise. But some of the people involved in creating the tablet’s core software now say the product barely had a fighting chance.

 

That software is called WebOS, an operating system built on the same technology used by many Web browsers. It promised to be more flexible and open than Apple’s tightly controlled iOS software, and more beautiful than Google’s sometimes wonky Android system. H.P. acquired Palm, the maker of WebOS, for $1.2 billion in 2010 so it could use the software in products like the TouchPad.

 

WebOS turned out to be something of a toxic asset. Several former Palm and H.P. employees involved in WebOS say that there was little hope for the software from the beginning, because the way it was built was so deeply flawed.

 

“Palm was ahead of its time in trying to build a phone software platform using Web technology, and we just weren’t able to execute such an ambitious and breakthrough design,” said Paul Mercer, former senior director of software at Palm, who oversaw the interface design of WebOS and recruited crucial members of the team. “Perhaps it never could have been executed because the technology wasn’t there yet.”

 

The WebOS story also illustrates how hard it will be for anyone to mount a serious challenge to Apple and Google when it comes to mobile operating systems. Those two companies have won dominant market shares and the allegiance of thousands of app developers. Many other companies have chosen Android for their phones and tablets, but this ties them closely to Google and makes it hard to stand out in the crowd of Android products. By owning WebOS, H.P. could control both the hardware and software and gain a more direct relationship with customers.

 

And Palm’s sales pitch was that because the operating system was based on common Web technology, it would be easier to create software for it, which would attract programmers to make WebOS apps.

 

But WebOS had problems from the start, when Palm first created it for the Pre smartphone, former Palm employees say.

 

Mr. Mercer was well known in the design world for his contributions to several of Apple’s most important products, and Palm recruited him. After some internal debate, the company chose to have WebOS rely on WebKit, an open-source software engine used by browsers to display Web pages. Mr. Mercer said that this was a mistake because it prevented applications from running fast enough to be on par with the iPhone. But a former member of the WebOS app development team said the core issue with WebOS was actually Palm’s inability to turn it into a platform that could capture the enthusiasm and loyalty of outside programmers. There were neither the right leaders nor the right engineers to do the job, said this person, who declined to be named because he still had some ties to H.P.

 

From concept to creation, WebOS was developed in about nine months, this person said, and the company took some shortcuts. With a project like this, programmers typically start by creating the equivalent of building blocks that can be reused and combined to create different applications. But with WebOS, Palm employees initially constructed each app from scratch. Later, they made such blocks, but they were overhauled once by Palm and then again by H.P., forcing programmers to relearn how to build WebOS apps.

 

Another issue was recruiting. In 2009, it was hard to find programmers who had a keen understanding of WebKit, Mr. Mercer said, and Apple and Google had already snatched up most of the top talent.

 

Some former employees pointed fingers at Jon Rubinstein, then Palm’s chief executive, saying he failed to steer WebOS in the right direction. The former employees said that because of his hardware background, he did not understand the logistics of creating a powerful new operating system, and he was ultimately responsible for the decision to rely on WebKit. Mr. Rubinstein is still at H.P., which declined to make him available for comment.

 

The Pre went on sale in June 2009 and received generally glowing reviews from critics, who called it a solid device with innovative design elements that rivaled the iPhone. Sprint said it was its fastest-selling phone ever.

 

But customers immediately recognized that the phone was too slow, said the former Palm employee who worked on apps, and “this led to extremely high return rates.” There were also complaints about the phone spontaneously restarting itself or freezing up.

 

The company had enough staff to get the Pre out the door, but it underestimated how many people it would need to make improvements, the former employee said.

 

Just six months after the Pre’s introduction, a Northeast Securities analyst said that its sales were in “substantial decline.”

 

Palm put itself up for sale in April 2010. It soon attracted H.P., which hoped to use WebOS to accelerate its smartphone and tablet efforts.

But as H.P. absorbed Palm, important members of the WebOS team were disappearing. Mr. Mercer had already left. Peter Skillman, vice president of design at Palm, eventually left for a job at Nokia. Matias Duarte, vice president of human interface and user experience for WebOS, left a month after the acquisition for a job at Google. Several people said his departure was a major loss. “He was WebOS,” the former member of the WebOS software team said of Mr. Duarte. “When he left, the vacuum was just palpable. What you’re seeing is frankly a bunch of fourth- and fifth-stringers jumping onto WebOS in the wake of Duarte’s leaving.” Mr. Duarte did not respond to a request for an interview.

Multimedia

 

 

H.P. would soon go through its own major changes. In August 2010, Mark Hurd, the chief executive, resigned amid accusations of sexual harassment, and H.P. named Léo Apotheker to replace him. Under Mr. Apotheker’s leadership, H.P. ramped up its WebOS investments, announcing two new smartphones and the TouchPad, the first WebOS tablet. Like Apple’s iPad, the TouchPad had a 9.7-inch touch screen and cost $500 for the cheapest model.

 

Mr. Apotheker said WebOS would expand to more devices, including PCs and printers. And what Palm lacked — resources, engineers and marketing power — H.P. would provide.

 

“Palm was a company starved for investment,” Mr. Apotheker said in an onstage interview at the D9 technology conference in June. “It didn’t have the reach, it didn’t have the capability. And despite creating some great technology, it couldn’t create the kind of quality in the final product and the hardware.”

 

The TouchPad shipped in July, months after Apple released the iPad 2, which was significantly thinner and faster, for the same $500 price tag. The new tablet got lukewarm reviews. “There’s no more guaranteed way to make something feel like a train wreck in slow motion than to make it run like it’s a train wreck in slow motion,” Matt Buchanan of Gizmodo wrote.

 

It was clear that the TouchPad was no hit, but it still shocked the tech world when H.P. withdrew it from the market so quickly — and said it would stop making WebOS hardware altogether. H.P. later said it would write off $3.3 billion, half of which came from the “wind-down of H.P.’s WebOS device business.”

 

A former employee in sales at Palm who worked on the WebOS team at H.P. said the company expanded the team with layers of vice presidents, and added hundreds of engineers to develop the TouchPad.

 

This person, who declined to be named because she did not want to comment publicly on internal matters at H.P., said many former Palm employees stayed at H.P. because they were passionate about WebOS. “The H.P. people came in and said H.P.’s vision is to put WebOS on all their hardware,” she said. “WebOS became their shiny new toy, but then they just abandoned it.”

 

In September, H.P. fired Mr. Apotheker, citing “weaknesses” in his ability to reach goals and communicate. His replacement was Meg Whitman, the former eBay chief.

 

Three months into the job, Ms. Whitman announced that H.P. would release the WebOS code for anyone to use, similar to Google’s open-source strategy with Android. If outside programmers and device makers end up improving the software, H.P. could presumably reconsider its decision to get out of WebOS hardware.

 

Ms. Whitman said 600 employees were still working on WebOS. “By contributing this innovation, H.P. unleashes the creativity of the open-source community to advance a new generation of applications and devices,” Ms. Whitman said in a statement.

 

Sam Greenblatt, chief technology officer at H.P., acknowledged in an interview that earlier versions of WebOS could be slow. But he said recent improvements in WebKit and WebOS over all had sped up performance. He shared H.P.’s continued ambitions for WebOS — that it would eventually expand into computers, televisions, even cars. “The No. 1 objective is to take the code to the next level,” he said.

 

But Mr. Mercer insisted that WebKit would still leave WebOS underpowered relative to Apple’s software.

 

“If the bar is to build Cupertino-class software in terms of responsiveness and beauty,” he said, “WebKit remains not ready for prime time, because the Web cannot deliver yet.”

惠普宣布保留webOS转型为开放源代码社区

12月10日凌晨消息,惠普周五宣布保留webOS业务,将把其webOS软件推向开放源代码社区。惠普称将按照开放源代码协议,将webOS的源代码向程序员公开。

 

惠普希望通过将创新性的webOS平台与开放源代码社区的开发能力进行结合,来显著改善下一代设备的各种应用与web服务。

 

webOS的命运最终落定:“既不整体出售,也不授权给第三方厂商”。惠普CEO惠特曼表示,将通过开源重新激发webOS的活力。

 

惠普表示,webOS开源之后,任何开发者都可以定制属于自己的webOS系统,开源webOS的目标是加速webOS平台的发展,惠普将会参与到开源后的webOS社区中,成为该开源项目的积极参与者和投资者,并会对该项目进行一定的管理以防止该项目分裂;webOS软件将会得到彻底的开源。惠普还表示,将会在近期把webOS的SDK Enyo也交给开源社区。

 

惠普于美国太平洋时间12月9日上午10:30(北京时间今日凌晨2:30)召开会议,公布了webOS的最终处理决定。

 

尘埃落定,好事情,只用一个成语:置之死地而后生~~!

 

惠普是在收购Palm后得到webOS的。惠普在今年稍早时候曾表示将终止其webOS业务。

 

在TouchPad发布后49天,惠普前CEO李艾科(Leo Apotheker)就决定将惠普分拆,并放弃了webOS设备。自那以后,已经过去了4个月时间。惠普新CEO梅格-惠特曼(Meg Whitman)上台后已经采取了各项措施,挽回李艾科给公司带来的损失,并且取消了PC业务的分拆计划。

 

但此前惠特曼一直未对webOS的未来发展做出最后决定。惠特曼一个月前曾经表示,需要时间来做出“最好的决定,而不是最快的决定”。

 

有分析人士认为,惠普此举意味着其在WebOS项目的投入将会减少。而交给开源社区的决定一方面能保证webOS得到更新,同时也意味着很可能今后再也没有原生搭载webOS系统的设备问世,当然这并不排除亚马逊(微博)或者Facebook会采用吸收webOS的部分代码,然后打造自己的操作系统。 (本文来源:天极网 )

惠普CEO惠特曼:仍未决定是否出售webOS业务

惠普CEO梅格·惠特曼周二与webOS部门员工举行了会议。惠特曼表示,惠普尚未决定如何处理webOS业务。

 

与会者透露,惠特曼表示,是否保留webOS业务是一个复杂的决定。在做出最终决定之前,惠普必须谨慎考虑出售或关闭webOS业务在财务上带来的影响。

 

 惠特曼同时表示,如果惠普决定保留webOS业务,那么将在未来多年时间内大力发展这一业务。换句话说,如果不出售webOS业务,那么惠普将努力使webOS保持竞争力。

 

惠普数周前宣布将放弃webOS业务,而当时距离惠普推出首款webOS平板电脑并没有太长时间。业内人士认为,这是商业史上最奇怪的决定之一。根据惠特曼的说法,如果惠普保留webOS,那么未来的重点将是平板电脑,而非智能手机。

 

本周有消息称,RIM、HTC、Facebook、亚马逊和甲骨文等公司有意收购webOS。

最后的战役-惠普webOS命运三到四周内将的解决

11月10日消息,据国外媒体报道,惠普CEO梅格·惠特曼日前表示,惠普webOS决策会议将推迟三到四周。惠特曼说:“对我来说最重要的是作出正确的决策,而不是快速决策。”

 

惠特曼还表示:“如果惠普决定留住webOS,我们将在未来几年的时间内大力发展这个平台。惠普有能力承担这一决策的代价。”

据悉,惠普CEO惠特曼近期在接受采访时曾透露,惠普正在考虑软件的未来,包括是否应该打造新的webOS平板。惠特曼当时说:“摆在我们面前的问题是如何处理webOS软件,我们是不是应该推出webOS设备。显然它不是与过去一样的设备,而是2.0版本的。”

 

惠特曼透露,迟迟未作出决策只有一个原因,那是因为她首先要处理惠普的PC业务,以及Autonomy收购事务。

webos到底花落谁家? 坑爹啊~

11月8日消息,据国外媒体报道,消息人士称,惠普正在考虑出售其webOS操作系统,这将为其带来数亿美元的收入,但可能少于2010年收购Palm公司时其付出的12亿美元。

甲骨文买了吧,这个亚马逊,买了吧,这个够低了,大家买了吧,接着折腾一下

 

消息人士表示,在是否出售webOS操作系统这一问题上,美国美林银行将为惠普提供咨询服务。

 

消息人士还透露,已有数家高科技公司表示有兴趣收购webOS操作系统,该系统拥有的专利被视为有吸引力。甲骨文公司是其中之一。

 

2010年,惠普通过收购Palm获得webOS操作系统。不久前,惠普决定终止基于WebOS操作系统的TouchPad平板电脑的运营,因其销售业绩不佳。自此,webOS操作系统的未来就悬而未决

再见palm!Webos还会继续,对么?惠普正式永久性关闭Palm零售店

再见 palm,palm 被转手卖过之后,以为HP会好好经营这个东西,没想生意人对这个没有竞争力的好产品失去了信心,直接砍掉。

对palm的印象起源于PDA,那种黑白机,小小的很实用,然后在西门子退役后就入了680,打字那个舒服,自从自己换壳子搞坏了麦之后,胖子就一直停在了抽屉里。

palm的产品早期很潮,后期设计,硬件都一般,但是产品始终处于前列,很好的,webos更是一个好产品,据说亚马逊和HTC都有意收购WEBOS,个人感觉亚马逊是经营不好这个东西的,HTC接手应该比较好。

关都关了,缅怀一下,WEBOS的速度,比苹果瞒不了多少,再见PALM,一路走好~

惠普官方刚刚宣布将停止销售webOS系统的设备,同时下调HP TouchPad 平板电脑的价格至100美元。而就在数周后的今天,惠普正式宣布永久性关闭在美国地区所有的Palm webOS 零售商店。

惠普去年以12亿美元收购Palm系统,不过融合了Palm新的HP webOS设备的销售业绩一直不佳,因此惠普决定放弃webOS设备。外界一直认为惠普仍会给予webOS机会,毕竟惠普宣布购买Palm之后,便开始投入巨资研发webOS系统,但今天所看到的一切,似乎已经说明惠普并没有让webOS拥有一丝生机。

消息称,惠普 Palm webOS 零售商店营业的最后一天,店内的webOS设备依旧被抢购一空,包括TouchPad平板和Pre 3手机等等。这些设备均已打折跳楼价的形式上架销售,其中HP Veer低至50美元,HP Palm Pixi仅售25美元,而且店内宣传“如果一次性买4台Palm Pixi的话,每台只要15美元”。